This empirical paper explores the evolution of environmental management in the Olympic Games.
Original efforts to integrate environmental management into the Games were the result of minimizing negative environmental impacts that result from the event. Environmental management eventually evolved into a focus on sustainable outcomes for the community and further into complete minimization of any environmental impact of the Games. Olympic organizing committees mimicked previous successful Games bids' environmental management plans and responded to pressures from the IOC and society when adopting environmental practices. As a result, Olympic bids' environmental management proposals are increasingly similar as pro-environmental behaviors have been institutionalized within the greater Olympic Movement.
CITE: Ross, W. J., & Leopkey, B. (2017). The adoption and evolution of environmental practices in the Olympic Games. Managing Sport and Leisure, 22(1), 1–18.