16 interviews were conducted with facility and park managers at grass sport fields in Canada to understand how these site managers are adapting to climate change.
Key findings related to climate change awareness and concern: - Every participant noted that reliable sources of environmental information were necessary in the process of completing their job activities. - Several sources of environmental information were used, including weather apps, weather channels on TV, public health departments, and government websites. - Participants were aware of atmospheric warming and extreme weather conditions and rated the seriousness of climate change. - The seriousness of climate change was perceived as a medium-level issue. - Participants no longer expect seasons to be 'normal'. - Insect-related tree diseases were a concern.
Key findings related to adaptation practices: - Participants discussed changes to their grass seed selections, with considerable effort put into finding ideal seed blends for the variety of conditions. - Some participants elaborated on irrigation changes that are needed to maintain the grass in difficult and changing weather conditions. - Drainage was a key considerations among participants, particularly as it relates to extreme rainfall. - The warming conditions contributed to compaction of the fields, which was managed mainly by aerating the fields. - The warming seasons are extending the growth periods, extending the length of active field maintenance needed. - One participant used tarp-coverings during the fall and winter to protect the grass and create controlled micro-climates that would extend the growth period. CITE: Mallen, C. & Dingle, G. (2017). Climate change and Canadian communities' grass-based sports fields. The International Journal of Environmental Sustainability, 13(2), 45-59.