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The environmental awakening in sport (2013)

Dr. Michael Pfahl argues in this essay that two related perspectives exist in relation to sport and the environment. The first is the Inside-Out perspective where organizational personnel understand how their activities impact the environment. The second perspective is Outside-In where external environmental and related issues (e.g., government regulation) impact the operations of an organization.

This essay traces the early developments of the green sports movement: facility design and construction advances (e.g. implementing LEED principles), event operations (e.g. having Green Teams and impact analyses in place), community engagement, and the launch of the Green Sports Alliance.

CITE: Pfahl, M. (2013). The environmental awakening in sport. The Solutions Journal, 4(3), 67–76.


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