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Assessing the ecological impact due to disc golf (2011)

This study evaluated the ecological footprint of disc golf. This was achieved by using three ecological markers of ecological degradation: soil erosion, soil compaction and density of vegetation cover. Data indicated that disc golf significantly increases soil compaction, which in turn contributes to more soil erosion and subsequently to a decrease in vegetation cover. These results are important for sport and recreational managers as they need to pay close attention to certain behaviors that could be contributing to the negative impact of outdoor recreational activities. Intervention programs focused on the problematic behaviors should be an essential component in the search for rather inexpensive and sustainable solutions.


CITE: Trendafilova, S., & Waller, S. (2011). Assessing the ecological impact due to disc golf. International Journal of Sport Management, Recreation and Tourism, 8, 35–64.

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